On this tour discover the original Jerusalem settlement built over 3,000 years ago and now hidden beneath the ground. But start with an overview of Jerusalem from Mount Scopus where you can look down on an ancient Jewish cemetery, Garden of Gethsemane and Old City. See the Kidron Valley’s ancient Jewish tombs then go into the Old City through the Zion Gate. Walk through the fascinating Armenian Quarter with its brightly colored ceramics and enter the Old City’s Jewish Quarter. Here highlights include the Byzantine-era Cardo and the iconic Western Wall. We stop to place a prayer note in the Wall then leave the Old City through the Dung Gate. From here the tour takes you underground to the 3,000 year old City of David. See the ancient tunnels hewn from rock to bring water to the city thousands of years ago from the Spring of Gihon.
The Western Wall is part of the ancient wall around the western slope of the Temple Mount in the Old City that survived the destruction of the Second Temple. The greatest shrine of Judaism outside the Temple Mount itself, it has for centuries been a symbol of faith and hope for many generations of Jews, a place of pilgrimage and prayer.
Jerusalem is the holy city of three Abrahamic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
The Cardo was the main street in Ancient Roman cities, running from north to south and lined with a row of columns on each side.
In the northern section of the Cardo, the bazaar built by the Crusaders in the 12th century was uncovered and restored to its function as a shopping area.