The ancient city of Petra is the most important attraction in Jordan. It is the capital of the ancient Nabataean kingdom, built in the 5-6th centuries BC. It is located in a deep canyon, the width of which varies from 5 to 200 m, and is accessible only through a narrow crevice in the rock.
The capital of Nabatea Petra
Petra has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. All structures of the city are carved out of rocks. The most impressive of them is El-Khazne ("Kazna"). The Arabs believed that during the time of Moses, the Egyptian pharaoh kept his treasures here, hence the name. According to another legend, robbers who attacked desert caravans hid treasures in the temple.